In January 2023, the number of permanent residents who arrived in under the Parents and Grandparents (PGP) increased by almost 60% compared to January 2022, with 2,065 new permanent residents welcomed. Canada aims to bring in 28,500 permanent residents under the PGP in 2023, and in 2022, 27,255 permanent residents arrived through the program, which was a 132% increase from 2021.
Canada’s Immigration Level Plans for 2023-2025 target 465,000 permanent residents, with 106,500 under the family sponsorship category, which includes spouses, common law partners, children, and parents and grandparents under the PGP. In January 2023, Canada welcomed 50,885 new permanent residents, a 44% increase from January 2022. Canada has already welcomed 13,000 newcomers under both spousal/children sponsorship and the PGP.
How the PGP works
Canadian citizens and Permanent Residents have the option to sponsor their parents and grandparents for immigration Canada. If approved, the sponsored family member will receive Canadian permanent residence and may eventually be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship. To qualify for the PGP in the past, sponsors had to meet certain requirements.
- Submission of an Interest to Sponsor form on IRCC’s website between October 13, 2020 (12:00 PM EDT) and November 3, 2020 (12:00 PM EST).
- Must be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident of Canada, or a registered Indian under the Canadian Indian Act.
- Must be at least 18 years old and currently residing in Canada (proof of status required during the Interest to Sponsor phase).
- Must meet the minimum income level required for the program, which includes the income of both the sponsor and their spouse if applicable. Proof of income must be provided to IRCC.
- Must sign an undertaking to financially support the sponsored individual for 20 years, starting from the time they become permanent residents. The sponsor must also repay any social assistance benefits paid to the sponsored family members (if applicable) for a period of 20 years.
- If the sponsor resides in Quebec, an additional undertaking must be signed with the province of Quebec.
Since 2020, all invitations to apply for the PGP have been given to applicants who expressed interest in sponsoring between October and November of that year. The most recent PGP lottery occurred in October 2022, and there are still around 155,000 potential sponsors in the pool.
The Super Visa is an alternative to the PGP that allows Parents and Grand Parents of Canadian citizens to visit Canada up to five consecutive years without having to renew their status. This visa is available all year round and is particularly useful for those who live in countries that require a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) for entry into Canada. With the Super Visa, they can travel between Canada and their country of residence without having to continuously reapply for the TRV.
Parents and grandparents who already have a Super Visa can apply for an extension that can allow them to remain in Canada as a visitor for up to seven years. They can also enter Canada multiple times for up to 10 years. This means that they can visit their loved ones in Canada for an extended period of time without having to worry about constantly renewing their visa.
The Super Visa is also beneficial for parents and grandparents from countries that are exempt from a TRV, such as the United States. US citizens can enter and remain in Canada for up to 6 months per entry. However, with the Super Visa, visitors can enter Canada and stay for up to 5 years per entry. This is particularly useful for those who want to spend an extended period of time with their family in Canada.
Overall, the Super Visa is a great option for parents and grandparents who want to visit their loved ones in Canada for an extended period of time without having to worry about constantly renewing their visa. It is available all year round and is particularly useful for those who live in countries that require a TRV for entry into Canada.
To apply for the parents and grandparents visa, you need to follow a process similar to the TRV process. However, you must provide additional documentation to demonstrate that you will be able to support your parents and grandparents during their stay in Canada. This documentation includes:
- A letter of invitation from your child or grandchild who lives in Canada.
- Evidence that your child or grandchild meets the minimum income requirement (Low-Income Cut-Off or LICO).
- Proof of your parental relationship with your child or grandchild, such as a birth certificate that lists you as a parent.
- Proof of medical insurance coverage for at least one year from a Canadian insurance company.